Skip to main content

Citation Guide: APA 6th

Offers citation assistance for APA, MLA, and Chicago style guide.

The APA 7th came out in October, 2019!

The information presented in this Guide is relevant to the APA 6th edition. This Guide will be updated according to the 7th edition of the APA Manual. Stay tuned!

In the meantime, the APA Style Blog is the best source to get information on the APA 7th. The Blog also provides links to handouts and guides for instructors, such as Reference Quick Guide, and Student Title Page Guide.  Six print copies of the APA 7th edition are available at the following locations of the University Libraries:  
     •  3 Copies at Strozier Course Reserves 
     •  3 Copies at Dirac Course Reserves
The copies are now available for in-library use only for 2 hours. Unfortunately, eBook copies of the APA 7th are not available for the Libraries. 


Research Assistance

For assistance with citing references or citation management software, contact the liaison librarian for your subject area or the service desks in the

Scholars Commons

(850) 644-6061,

the Learning Commons

(850) 644-3084, or

Dirac Science Library

(850) 644-5534.

APA Style

The APA style manual (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. It refers to the rules and conventions established by the American Psychological Association for documenting sources used in a research paper. APA style requires both in-text citations and a reference list. For every in-text citation there should be a full citation in the reference list and vice versa.


Dirac Science Library Reserves BF76.7 P83 2010

​Strozier Library Undergraduate Collection 2nd Floor BF76.7 P83 2010

Medical Library Reference WZ 345P976 2010


APA: Basics of APA Style Tutorial

Diana Hacker Research and Documentation: APA

APA Style Essentials Vanguard University

Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA

Eastern Washington University Research Tutorial 

National-Louis University Center of Academic Development

In-Text Citation


What You Are Citing


In-Text Citation



 Entire work


(Rogers, 2008)




Specific page



(Rogers, 2008, p.39)




If author’s name is included in the text of the sentence



Rogers (2008, p.9) claims that…


**Use only the year, and page number(s) if applicable.


Online article with no page numbers


(Mayers, 2009, para.3)


(Childs, 2003, Introduction, para.2)


One author



Reference List:

Chance, K. (2005)







(Chance, 2005)



Two authors



Reference List:

Matthews, A. & Keats, J.  (1999)






(Matthews & Keats, 1999)


Three to five authors



Reference List:

Hunt, G. , Vail, M., & Plum, T. (1986)






First Citation:

(Hunt, Vail, & Plum,  1986)

Subsequent Citations

(Hunt et al., 1986)


Six or seven authors



Reference List:

Phelps, B. , Lima, M., Gomez, L., MacArthur, T., Gansu, S., & Jepes, N. (2001)





(Phelps et al., 2001)


Group author



Reference List:

American Library Association. (2009)



First Citation:

(American Library Association [ALA], 2009)


Subsequent Citations:

(ALA, 2009)



No author(s) listed



Reference List:



None to claim their bones: Relics of an old Brooklyn graveyard. (1888, April 12). New York Times, pp.3-4. Retrieved from






(“None to Claim Their Bones”, 1888)


**If the title contains a colon, only use the text before the colon in the in-text citation.


Undated sources




(King, n.d.)


Citing a source within a source


Reference List:

Linhares, A., & Brum,P.(2007). Understanding our understanding of strategic scenarios: What role do chunks play? Cognitive Science, 31 (6), 989-1007.



Fredericks study (as cited in Linhares & Brum, 2007) found that…


**Your in-text citations gives credit to second source

Reference List



Type of Source


Reference List Citation








Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.




Calgry, R. C. (1991). First step to career success. Washington, DC: USA Publications.





Edited book




Editor, A.A. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher.




Duncan, J., & Gunn, K. (Eds.). (1993). Consequences of fame. Chicago: Sage Press.





Article or chapter in an edited book




Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A.A. Editor & B.B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.




McCarthy, A. (2001). Studying soap opera. In Glen Creeber (Ed.), The television genre book (pp. 47-49). London: BFI Publishing.





Electronic-only book




Author, A. (Year of Publication). Title of book. Retrieved from




Kornblum, W. (2002). At sea in the city: New York from the water’s edge. Retrieved from





Type of Source Reference List Citation

Article in a periodical (journal/magazine)



**If articles from a library database are “easily located, do not provide database information. If the article is difficult to locate, then you can provide database information.” ~Purdue Online Writing Lab.

Journal Format:


Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.


Journal Example:


Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(30), 5-13.


Magazine Format:


Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Periodicalissue number, pages.


Magazine Example:


Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

Newspaper article 

Print Format:


Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, page(s).


Print Example:


Brown, P.L. (1999, September 5). Tiffany glass and other tales from the crypt. New York Times, pp. A1, A5.


Electronic Format:


Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from


Electronic Example:


Foreman, J. (2003, August 12). Allston gothic. Boston Globe. Retrieved from

Article From online periodical (no DOI)


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication Year). Title   of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number if available), page(s). Retrieved from 



Berns, D. (2002). 10 tips on writing. Writer’s Guide, 10(2), 25-30. Retrieved from


Article From online periodical (DOI provided)



Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx




Herbst-Damm, K.L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.



                           Type of Source                                                                                                                                                                                                

Reference List Citation

Entire web site



In APA style there is no need to include an entry for an entire web site in your reference list as long as you identify the source clearly in the text of your paper.




The Purdue University Online Writing Lab was extremely helpful in understanding the differences between APA and MLA style (


Electronic Format:

Last name, F. (Year Created). Title of image. [Format]. Retrieved from 


Electronic Example:


O’Sullivan, T. (1863). Incidents of the war. A harvest of death, Gettysburg, July 1863 [Photograph]. Retrieved from


Print Format:


Last name, F. (Year Created). Title of image [Format]. Location: Museum/Institution.


Print Example:


Wyeth, A. (1948). Christina's world [Painting]. New York, NY: Museum of Modern Art.


Citing Sources in APA Style PowerPoint

Citing Electronic Sources

The Florida State University Libraries
Library Hours | Maps and Directions | Employment | Giving to the Libraries | The FSULib Blog | Library Homepage

Florida State University Libraries | 116 Honors Way | Tallahassee, FL 32306 | (850) 644-2706