The HathiTrust (pronounced 'hah-tee') is a partnership of libraries and research institutions that have come together to build and share a digital repository of print works. Begun in 2008, the goal of the partnership is to both preserve and provide access to print works. The HathiTrust has pursued this goal chiefly by digitizing materials like books and journals from library collections and making them available in the HathiTrust Digital Library.
Comparison of the Google Books Project with HathiTrust:
|Google Books Project||HathiTrust|
|Numbers||20 million items and growing||10 million items and growing|
|Content Type||books, journals, magazines, reports, and govenment documents||books, journals, magazines, reports, and govenment documents|
|Organization||Google owns the Google Book Project and decides how to manage it||partnership of libraries and institutions, with membership and shared governance|
|Full Text Search||full text search within all the content; browse to sections containing the search terms||full text search within all the content; pages where terms are found are displayed|
|Full Text Download||full text download of the whole item for those items that are out of copyright||full text download for members of HT of the whole item for those items that are out of copyright|
|Copyright status||does not work on identifying copyright status of "orphan" works||has worked on identifying copyright status of "orphan" works|
|MARC records in WorldCat that lead to the project's "landing page" ; there will sometimes be duplicate records; leads to links to holidng libraries||MARC records in WorldCat that lead to the project's "landing page" ; there will sometimes be duplicate records; leads to links to holidng libraries|
|Long term archiving and reformatting as needed of full text||Not a key part of the mission||Is a key part of the mission|
|Replacement of library material||Not a source of replacements for missing library materials||
Is a source of replacements for missing library materials, under US Copyright Section 108
Thanks to Barbara DeFelice and William Fontaine of Dartmouth College for this chart.
In 2011 the HathiTrust was sued by the Authors Guild for copyright infringement for digitizing material still under copyright. On October 10, 2012, federal court Judge Harold Baer sided with the HathiTrust, citing the service’s “contribution to the progress of science and cultivation of the arts” and support for accessibility requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act. In summer 2014, Judge Baer's ruling was upheld in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals.