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Citation Analysis

Basics of citation analysis, impact factors and scholarly publishing.


Caveats and Cautions

  • Adler, R., Ewing, J., & Taylor, P. (2008)Citation statistics: A report from the International Mathematical Union (IMU) in cooperation with the International Council of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM) and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS). Berlin: International Mathematical Union.                
    • Arnold, D. N. (2008).  Integrity under attack: The state of scholarly publishing [Talk of the Society editorial]. SIAM News, 42(10).    


    • Ball, P. (2008).  A Longer paper gathers more citations.  Nature, 455(7211), 274-275.  



    • Laloe, F., & Mosseri, R. (2009).  Bibliometric evaluation of individual researchers: Not even right … not even wrong. Europhysics News, 40(5), 26-29.  

  • Opatrny, T. (2008).  Playing the system to give low impact journal more clout.  Nature455(7210), 167.  
    • Pendlebury, D. (2009). The use and misuse of journal metrics and other citation indicators. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis, 57(1), 1-11.   




  • Kulkarni, A.V., et al. (2009). Comparisons of Citations in Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar for Articles published in general medical journals. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 302(10), 1092.  


  • Meho, L. I., & Yang, K. (2007). Impact of data sources on citation counts and rankings of LIS faculty: Web of Science versus Scopus and Google Scholar. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology58(13), 2105-2125.   



For Librarians


History and Background

  • Garfield, E. (1997). Concept of citation indexing: A unique and innovative tool for navigating the research literature [speech presented at Far Eastern State University].

  • Garfield, E. (2006). The history and meaning of the journal impact factor. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 295(1), 90-93.


  • Garfield, E. (2007). The evolution of the Science Citation Index. International Microbiology, 10(1), 65-69.  


  • Moed, H. F. (2009). New developments in the use of citation analysis in research evaluation. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis, 57(1), 13-18.  


Other Indexes

  • Cutts, M. (2006). How does Google collect and rank page results? Connections, 58 [newsletter].

  • Moed, H. F. (2009). Measuring contextual citation impact of scientific journals.  This paper describes "a new indicator of journal citation impact, denoted as source normalized impact per paper (SNIP)."


  • Rovner, S. L. (2008).  The import of impact: New types of journal metrics grow more influential in the scientific community. Chemical and Engineering News86(20), 39-42.


  • Schreiber, M. (2008a). An empirical investigation of the g-index for 26 physicists in comparison with the h-index, the A-index, and the R-index. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 59(9), 1513-1522.  


  • Schreiber, M. (2008b). The influence of self-citation corrections on Egghe's g index. Scientometrics, 76(1), 187-200. 

  • Van Leeuwen, T. (2008). Testing the validity of the Hirsch-index for research assessment purposes. Research Evaluation, 17(2), 157-160. 

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