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Citation Analysis

Basics of citation analysis, impact factors and scholarly publishing.

Citation Searching in Google Scholar

"Google scholar beta" logo

Google Scholar is a free search engine that indexes a variety of scholarly information, including peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, preprints, abstracts, and technical reports from a broad area of research.  If the article has been cited by others, a cited by link will be part of the record.  Clicking on that link will take you to the list of articles that cited the found item.  Google Scholar searching is generally faster than either Web of Science or Scopus.


  • Cited by links will only include articles that are indexed in Google Scholar.  Some material may be missing.
  • You will need to search variations in the author's name since there is no standardized format.
  • There may be duplication of results, so check carefully.
  • You may need to verify that a work is scholarly by checking Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory.
  • Coverage is primarily medical, scientific, and technical.
  • Coverage is primarily English language.


Searching Google Scholar

  1. Go to Google Scholar.
  2. Select Advanced Scholar Search (in the search box, click the small arrow to the right).
  3. Enter the author's name in the "Return articles authored by" field, placing quotes around the name.  Since some sources indexed in Google Scholar use initials only, it is advisable to search using variations such as "p buseck" and "pr buseck."
  4. You may also want to enter data into other fields to focus your search on a specific article.
  5. Click the search button.
  6. Locate the correct article in the search results list.
  7. If the article was cited by others, you will see a "Cited by" link at the bottom of the record.  Follow this link to view the articles that cited this article.

For more information about searching, see Google Scholar's Help pages.

Using Google Scholar Citations

In November 2011, Google Scholar added a new option called Google Scholar Citations.  Authors can use this service to compute citation metrics and track them over time.  The same caveats that apply to citation searching in Google Scholar apply to Google Scholar Citations, so check the information in the previous box to learn about those.

To get started, go to Google Scholar Citations.  Create a profile, and then choose the articles or groups of articles you wish to track. You have the option of keeping your profile private.

Publish or Perish (PoP)

PoP is a downloadable software providing enhanced analysis of Google Scholar citation data.  For more information and access to the software, see Publish or Perish on the website.

Google Scholar Citation Counter

You can add the Google Scholar Citation Counter to your IGoogle page. In addition to providing a citation counter, the feature will also give the "H-index".   The counter is relatively new and unsophisticated, so use with caution.  

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