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Citation Guide

This guide presents information and resources on APA, MLA, and Chicago styles as well as guidance on citation management programs.

APA Style: 7th Edition (2019)


Image of the APA Publication Manual, seventh edition

APA is commonly used to cite sources in the social sciences fields
such as psychology, education, and more. This guide will
provide you with basic information on how to make
in-text citations and entries in your Works Cited page.
For more in-depth information, please consult a copy
of the official APA Handbook.

APA Handbook (7th Edition) Locations:

  • 3 copies at Strozier Library Course Reserves;
  • 3 copies at Dirac Science Library Course Reserves
  • 1 copy at Music Allen Library Course Reserves
  • Ebook is available for purchase or rent from two vendors

What's New in APA Style: Video (56:43)

 

Reference List

 Books

Type of Source

Reference List Citation

 

 

 

Edited book

 

 

Format: 

 

Editor, A.A. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title of work. Publisher.

 

Example:

 

 

Romano, A. J., & Marincola, J. (Eds.). (2019). 

Host or parasite?: Mythographers and their contemporaries in the classical and Hellenistic periods. De Gruyter. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Article or chapter in an edited book

 

Format:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A.A. Editor & B.B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Publisher.

 

 

Example:

 

Bonn, M. A. (2003). Employee service quality issues: Meeting the needs of our internal customers. In Salih Kusluvan (Ed)., Managing employee attitudes and behaviors in the tourism and hospitality industry (pp. 433-452). Nova Scientific. 
 

 

 

Electronic-only book

 

Format:

Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of bookhttp://www.someaddress.com/full/url
 

Example:

Fahm, A. (2019). Introduction to financial mathematics: Concepts, and computational methods.

http://fsu.digital.flvc.org/islandora/object/fsu%3A717221

 

 

Articles

Type of Source Reference List Citation

Article in a periodical (journal/magazine)

**If articles from a library database are “easily located, do not provide database information. If the article is difficult to locate, then you can provide database information.” ~Purdue Online Writing Lab.

Journal Format:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Journal Example:

Zhao, T., Bell, L., Horner, M. W., Sulik, J., & Zhang, J. (2012). Consumer responses towards home energy financial incentives: A survey-based study. Energy Policy, 47, 291-297.

 

Magazine Format:

Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Periodicalissue number, pages.

Magazine Example:

Banks, H. (1993, April 26). Soak the lower middle class! Forbes, 151(9), 37.

Newspaper article 

Print Format:

Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, page(s).

Print Example:

Brown, P.L. (2017, June 23). When a Brooklyn Graveyard can't expand outward, it looks within: [metropolitan desk]. The New York Times, p. A.22.

Electronic Format:

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaperhttp://www.someaddress.com/full/url

Electronic Example:

Sifferlin, A. (2015, September 30). “Washing dishes is a really great stress reliever, science says.”  Time.  

https://time.com/4056280/washing-dishes-stress-relief-mindfulness/.

Article from online periodical (no DOI)

Format: 

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Publication Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number if available), page(s). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ 

Example:

Weissert, C. S. (2004). Promise and perils of state-based road to universal health insurance in the U.S., Journal of Health Care Law & Policy, 7(1), 42-69. 
https://digitalcommons.law.umaryland.edu/jhclp/vol7/iss1/3

 

Article from online periodical (DOI provided)

Format:

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number, pages.  https://doi.org/xxxx

Example:
 

Constantino, C. D., Manning, W. J., & Nordstrom, S. N. (2017). Rethinking covert stuttering. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 53, 26-40. 

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfludis.2017.06.001

 

Other

Type of Source                            


Reference List Citation

Entire web site

Format: 

In APA style there is no need to include an entry for an entire web site in your reference list as long as you identify the source clearly in the text of your paper.

Example:

The Purdue University Online Writing Lab was extremely helpful in understanding the differences between APA and MLA style (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/).

Dissertations or Theses 

Format:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of dissertation [Format]. Name of Institution Awarding the Degree. 

Example:
Kroto, H. W. (1964). The spectra of unstable molecules under high resolution [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Sheffield.

​Gutbezahl, B. (1952). Acid dissociation and acidity in the ethanol-water system [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Florida State University. 

Data set 

Format:

Author, A. (Year Created). Title of data. [Format]. Publisher. http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ 

Example:

Bales, W. D. (2018). Florida State University and Florida Department of Juvenile Justice research partnership projects, 2002-2017 (ICPSR 36972) [Data and code book]. ICPSR. https://doi-org.proxy.lib.fsu.edu/10.3886/ICPSR36972.v1

 

  

In-Text Citation

 Books

 

What You Are Citing

 

In-Text Citation

 

 

  Entire work

 
  Parenthetical Citation:

 
  (Baumeister, 2010)

  Narrative Citation:
  
  Baumeister (2010)

 

 

 

 Specific page or part of a work

 

 

  Parenthetical Citation: 

  (Bakan, 2019, p.111) 

  (Bakan, 2019, Chapter 3)

 

 

  Narrative Citation: 


  Bakan (2019, p.111) noted that  


 

 

 Multiple works

 

 

  Parenthetical Citation: 
  (De Giorgi, 2019; Jones & Lin, 2019; Mazza,
  2003)
  (Lowe, 2014, 2018)


  Narrative Citation:
  De Giogi (2019), Jones and Lin (2019), and
  Mazza (2003) 

  Lowe (2014, 2018)

  List entries in alphabetical order

 

 

 Online article with no page numbers

 

  Parenthetical Citation: 

  (Mayers, 2009, paras. 2-3)

 

 (Southerland et al., 2016, Discussion, para.1)
 

 

 

  One author

 
  
Reference List:

  Feiock, R. (2013)

 

 

 

   Parenthetical Citation:
 

  (Feiock, 2013) 

  Narrative Citation:

​  Feiock (2013)

 

 

 Two authors

 

 

 Reference List:

 Paek, I. & Cole, K. (2019)

 

 

 

   Parenthetical Citation:

   

  (Paek & Cole, 2019)

  Narrative Citation: 


  Paek and Cole (2019)

 

  Three or more authors

 

  Reference List:

  Darling, C. A., Olmstead, S.B., Lund, V. E., &
  Fairclough, J. F.  (2008) 
 

 

  

 
  Parenthetical Citation:

  (Darling et al., 2008)

  Narrative Citation: 
  Darling et al. (2008)
  Only the first author plus "et al." for first and   
  subsequent citations 

 

 Group author

 

 

 

 Reference List:

 American Library Association. (2019) 

 

 

  Parenthetical Citation:
      First Citation

      (American Library Association [ALA], 2019)

 

      Subsequent Citations

      (ALA, 2019)

  Narrative Citation: 
      First Citation
      
American Library Association (ALA, 2019)

      Subsequent Citations
      ALA (2019)   

 

 

 

 No author(s) listed

 

 

 Reference List: 

 

 None to claim their bones: Relics of an old Brooklyn graveyard. (1888, April 21). The New York Times, pp.3-4. 

 

 

 

  (“None to Claim Their Bones,” 1888)

 

 

  If the title contains a colon, only use the text
  before the colon in the in-text citation.

 

 

 Undated sources

 

 

 

 

  Parenthetical Citation:
  (King, n.d.)

  Narrative Citation: 
  King (n.d.)


 

  Citing a source within a source

 

 

  Reference List:

  Arpan, L. M., & Raney, A. A. (2003). An experimental investigation of news source and the hostile media effect. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 80(2), 265-281. 

 

 

 

 

 

  Parenthetical Citation:
  (Gunther, 1992, as cited in Arpan & Raney, 2003)

 

 

 Your in-text citation gives credit to second source

 

Citing Sources in APA Style PowerPoint

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