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Iberian Studies

This research guide points to resources relevant to Iberian Countries, Regions, and Subjects.

Primary vs. Secondary Sources

What are Primary Sources?

Primary sources are raw materials of historical research - they are the documents or artifacts closest to the topic of investigation. Often they are created during the time period which is being studied (correspondence, diaries, newspapers, government documents, art) but they can also be produced later by eyewitnesses or participants (memoirs, oral histories). You may find primary sources in their original format (usually in an archive) or reproduced in a variety of ways: books, microfilm, digital, etc.

What are Secondary Sources?

Secondary sources are more critical analysis of events, movements, battles, etc. They are created by a person or persons who has/have the necessary distance in time and involvement from the event, movement, battle, etc. to write a less personal account.  Secondary sources build upon and interpret primary sources, as well as secondary sources created by others. Thus, secondary sources are second-hand accounts because their creators are one-position removed from first-hand accounts.

Catalog Tips for Primary Documents

Many primary sources can be found through the library's catalog. One good strategy when you are searching the library catalog is to begin with a simple keyword search to identify one or more relevant resources. Keyword terms used to find primary sources can include:

  • Sources
  • Diaries
  • Correspondence
  • Letters
  • Interviews
  • Maps
  • Memoirs
  • Personal narratives
  • Pamphlets
  • Speeches
  • Archives
  • Archival resources

Once you identify a relevant item, use Library of Congress Subject Headings in the catalog record to narrow your search or find similar material. Subject headings are hyperlinked.

Primary Sources

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