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Russian & East European Studies

This research guide points to resources relevant to former Soviet and Eastern European Countries, Regions, and Subjects.

Primary vs. Secondary Sources

What are Primary Sources?

Primary sources are raw materials of historical research - they are the documents or artifacts closest to the topic of investigation. Often they are created during the time period which is being studied (correspondence, diaries, newspapers, government documents, art) but they can also be produced later by eyewitnesses or participants (memoirs, oral histories). You may find primary sources in their original format (usually in an archive) or reproduced in a variety of ways: books, microfilm, digital, etc.

What are Secondary Sources?

Secondary sources are more critical analysis of events, movements, battles, etc. They are created by a person or persons who has/have the necessary distance in time and involvement from the event, movement, battle, etc. to write a less personal account.  Secondary sources build upon and interpret primary sources, as well as secondary sources created by others. Thus, secondary sources are second-hand accounts because their creators are one-position removed from first-hand accounts.

Primary Sources by Type

Documents and Texts

In addition to the sources below, please see also:

Foreign Broadcast Information Service daily reports. Soviet Union (Foreign Broadcast Information Service)

STROZIER LIBRARY Micromaterials PREX7.10:FBIS-SOV/Index Accompanied by Microfiche in PREX7.10: FBIS-SOV

Foreign Broadcast Information Service daily reports. Soviet Union (Foreign Broadcast Information Service)

STROZIER LIBRARY Micromaterials PREX7.10:FBIS-EEU/Index Accompanied by Microfiche in PREX7.10: FBIS-EEU

Foreign Broadcast Information Service daily reports. Eurasia (Foreign Broadcast Information Service)

STROZIER LIBRARY Micromaterials PREX7.10:FBIS-SOV/Index Accompanied by Microfiche in PREX7.10:FBIS-SOV
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